引用元:http://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/wmo-says-melting-arctic-sea-ice-shows-global-warming/3532218.html

1.原文

Opening the Arctic /would also increase the risk of accidents /in hazardous waters and oil spills.  

The cold, undeveloped environment /is more difficult /to clean up than other areas.  

Taalas called for the establishment /of an Arctic observatory /to study, predict and react /to climate change.

He said /this would keep transportation /in Arctic waters safe.

Arctic sea ice is melting faster than expected, and that means big changes in Earth’s climate system.  

That warning comes from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

Its scientists are calling for the establishment of an Arctic observatory to help deal with possible dangerous changes resulting from the melting ice.  

The WMO believes changes in the Arctic area are likely evidence of a coming disaster.

It noted that temperatures around the world continue to rise.

2016 is predicted to be the hottest year since modern record-keeping began 150 years ago.   

The Arctic is warming at least two times as fast as the world average, the WMO said.

Arctic sea ice now covers 40 percent less area at the height of the summer melt season than it did in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

The highest Arctic sea levels in March were said to be the lowest on record.  

Petteri Taalas is the WMO’s Secretary-General.

He told VOA that the changes in the climate were having a serious effect on the environment.   

For example, he said, the tree line in mountain areas is moving upward.  

“There are also some species of animals who have difficulties in coping with these changes,” Taalas said.

These include polar bears, Arctic seals, and even some birds.

He said the changing climate will also have an effect on fisheries.  

Taalas also warned that the melting of the Arctic’s frozen permafrost could release large amounts of greenhouse gases.

Those gases are the ones that speed up the rise of temperatures.

But the melting of the Arctic sea ice is also opening up new transportation, travel and exploration possibilities.

Taalas said that less ice could cut the time it takes for ships to sail between Europe and East Asia.  

Opening the Arctic would also increase the risk of accidents in hazardous waters and oil spills.  

The cold, undeveloped environment is more difficult to clean up than other areas.  

Taalas called for the establishment of an Arctic observatory to study, predict and react to climate change.

He said this would keep transportation in Arctic waters safe.

2.音韻分析

Arctic sea ice is melting faster /than^expected, /and that means big changes /in Earth’s climate system.

That warning comes from /the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

Its scientists are calling for /the establishment of^an Arctic observatory /to help deal with possible dangerous changes /resulting from the melting ice.

The WMO believes /changes in the Arctic area /are likely evidence of^a coming disaster.

It noted^that /temperatures around the world /continue to rise.

2016 is predicted to be /the hottest year /since modern record-keeping began 150 years ago.

The Arctic is warming /at least two times /as fast as the world average, the WMO said.

Arctic sea ice now covers /40 percent less area /at the height of the summer melt season /than^it did in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

The highest Arctic sea levels /in March were said^/to be the lowest on record.

Petteri Taalas is the WMO’s Secretary-General.

He told VOA /that the changes in the climate /were having a serious effect on the environment.

For example, he said, /the tree line in mountain areas is moving upward.

“There are also some species /of animals /who have difficulties in coping with these changes,” Taalas said.

These include polar bears, /Arctic seals, /and even some birds.

He said the changing climate /will also have an^effect on fisheries.

Taalas also warned /that the melting of the Arctic’s frozen permafrost /could release large amounts of greenhouse gases.

Those gases are the ones /that speed up the rise of temperatures.

But the melting of the Arctic sea ice /is also opening up new transportation, /travel and exploration possibilities.

Taalas said /that less ice could cut the time /it takes for ships to sail /between Europe and East Asia.

Opening the Arctic /would also increase the risk of accidents /in hazardous waters and oil spills.

The cold, undeveloped environment /is more difficult /to clean up than other areas.

Taalas called for /the establishment of an Arctic observatory /to study, predict and react to climate change.

He said this would keep transportation /in Arctic waters safe.

3.日本語訳

 北極海の氷が予測されていたよりも早く溶けており、この現象は、地球の気候が大きく変化していることを示している。

 この警告は世界気象機関(WMO)から発せられた。

 そこの科学者は、氷河の融解による、考えられる恐ろしい変化に対する対処の一助として北極観測場の設立を求めている。

 WMOは北極圏の変化は災害の予兆であると確信している。

 世界の気温は上昇し続けていることも留意した。

  2016年は150年前から記録されている中で、最も気温が高い年だと予測されている。

 北極は世界平均と比べ、少なくとも2倍、気温が上昇しているとWMOは報告している。

 北極海の氷河は今や、1970年代後半から1980年代前半に比べ、夏季の融解期の高さにおいて、40%以下となっている。

 北極海の三月の海抜は最低値を記録した。

ペッテリ・ターラス、WMOの幹事長がVOAに話したところ、気候の変化は環境に深刻な影響を与え続けている。

 例えば、山岳部の樹木限界線が上昇している。

 「一部の動物はこの変化への対応が困難となっている」とターラスは述べている。

 ホッキョクグマやアザラシ、また一部の鳥も危機に瀕している。

 気候変動は漁業にも悪影響をもたらしている。

 ターラスはまた北極の永久凍土層が溶け出したことにより、莫大な温室効果ガスを放出する可能性に警告を発している。

 このガスは気温上昇を促進する働きを持っている。

 しかし、北極海の氷の融解により、新たな交通手段、旅行、そして冒険の可能性が広がった。

 ターラスによれば、氷が少なくなると、ヨーロッパと東アジアへの行き来の時間短縮が可能になる。

 また(一方で)北極が融解することにより、有害な水や油が流出するリスクが高まる。

 寒く、未発達での環境では、それらは浄化されにくい。

 ターラスは北極の観測場に、気候変動について調査、予測し、行動するように求めた。

 彼は、そうすることで北極での運搬は安全を保つことができると述べた。

4.語彙、表現

・observatory: 観測場

・cope with: ~に対処する 

・fisheries: 漁業

・permafrost : 永久凍土層

・greenhouse gases: 温室効果ガス

・hazardous: 危険な、有害な