引用元:http://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/3532167.html 

1.原文

We begin with bad news for people who bought a wearable fitness tracker in hopes of losing weight.

 A new study finds the electronic device probably does not help with weight loss.  

The study was a project of researchers from the University of Pittsburgh in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.  

Fitness trackers are designed to record your physical activity.

They are usually worn around the wrist, where they measure a person’s heart rate.  

The University of Pittsburgh research team looked at two groups of individuals.

The first wore a fitness tracker and took part in health counseling.

In other words, they spoke with nutrition and physical fitness experts to consider the best weight loss plan.  

The researchers compared this group with people who only took part in health counseling.  

The study found that those who simply had health counseling lost more weight than those who had counseling and wore a fitness tracker.

In fact, those who only spoke with the health experts lost nearly six kilograms.

Those who used a fitness tracker lost only 3.5 kilograms.  

John Jakicic is the lead researcher.

He is also chairman of the university’s Department of Health and Physical Activity.

He questioned the use of electronic devices as tools for weight control in place of “effective behavioral counseling for physical activity and diet.”  

The study involved 470 subjects between the ages of 18 and 35.

Some of them were overweight, while others were heavier and considered obese.

Over three fourths of the subjects were women, and 29 percent were minorities.  

The researchers told all the subjects to increase their physical activity.

The men and women also were told to start on a low calorie diet.  

The subjects were told to have their weight measured once every six months over the two-year study.

 After six months, researchers divided the group into two parts: one continued with monthly counseling, while members of the other group were given a wearable fitness tracker.  

Eighteen months later, both groups “showed significant improvements in body composition, fitness, physical activity, and diet,” with no major difference between groups.  

However, when it came to losing weight, the people who spoke with experts lost nearly twice as much weight.  

Jakicic said the study’s findings “are important because effective long-term treatments are needed to address America’s obesity epidemic.”

He warned that “questions remain regarding the effectiveness of wearable devices.”  

More information is needed, he adds, to learn how to best use these devices to change “physical activity and diet behaviors” in adults who want to lose weight.  

The researchers published their findings in The Journal of the American Medical Association.

2.音韻分析

We begin with bad news /for people who bought a wearable fitness tracker /in hopes of losing weight.

A new study finds the electronic device /probably does not help with weigh(t) loss.

The study was a project of researchers /from the University of Pittsburgh in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.

Fitness trackers are designed /to record your physical activity.

They are usually worn around the wrist, /where they measure a person’s heart rate.

The University of Pittsburgh research team /looked at two groups of individuals.

The first wore a fitness tracker /and took part in health counseling.

In other words, /they spoke with nutrition and physical fitness experts /to consider the best weight loss plan.

The researchers compared this group /with people who only took part in health counseling.

The study found /that those who simply had health counseling /lost more weight /than those who had counseling and wore a fitness tracker.

In fact, those who only spoke with^the health experts /lost nearly six kilograms.

Those who used a fitness tracker /lost only 3.5 kilograms.

John Jakicic is the lead researcher.

He is also chairman of the university’s Department of Health /and Physical Activity.

He questioned the use of electronic devices /as tools for weight control /in place of “effective behavioral counseling /for physical activity and diet.”

The study involved 470 subjects /between the ages of 18 and 35.

Some of them were overweight, /while others were heavier and considered obese.

Over three fourths of the subjects were women, /and 29 percent were minorities.

The researchers told all the subjects /to increase their physical activity.

The men and women also were told /to start on^a low calorie diet.

The subjects were told /to have their weight measured once /every six months over the two-year study.

After six months, /researchers divided the group into two parts: /one continued with monthly counseling, /while members of the other group were given /a wearable fitness tracker.

Eighteen months later, /both groups “showed significant improvements /in body composition, fitness, physical activity, and diet,” /with no major difference between groups.

However, when^it came to losing weight, /the people who spoke with experts /lost nearly twice as much weight.

Jakicic said the study’s findings “are important /because effective long-term treatments are needed /to address America’s obesity epidemic.”

He warned /that “questions remain /regarding the effectiveness of wearable devices.”

More information is needed, /he adds, /to learn how to best use these devices to change “physical activity /and diet behaviors” /in adults who want to lose weight.

The researchers published their findings /in The Journal of the American Medical Association.

3.日本語訳

 フィットネス・トラッカーを減量目的で購入したひと達に残念なお知らせがある。

 新しい研究で、電子機器がおそらく減量に効果的ではないことが明らかになった。

 この研究は、アメリカ、ペンシルベニア州のピッツバーグ大学のものだ。

 フィットネス・トラッカーは身体運動を記録するものとして製作され、大半のものは、心拍数が測れるように、腕に装着できるようにデザインされた。

 ピッツバーグ大学の研究チームは、グループを二つに分けて観察した。

 第一グループは、フィトネス・トラッカーを着用し、健康についてのカウンセリングを受ける。

 例えば、栄養や、身体の専門家が提案する減量計画について議論する。

 研究チームは、このグループと、健康カウンセリングのみを受講したグループと比較した。

 研究結果は、健康カウンセリングのみを受けたグループの方が、カウンセリング受けフィトネス・トラッカーを着用していたグループより、体重が減っていた。

 実際のところ、カウンセリングのみのグループは6キロ近く減っていて、フィットネス・トラッカーを使用したグループはたった3.5キロしか減っていなかった。

 ジョン・ジャキシックは、この研究グループのリーダである。

 彼はまた、大学の健康身体活動学部の学部長でもある。

 彼は、「身体活動やダイエットに関する効果的な行動のカウンセリング」の代わりに、電子機器を体重を制御するために使用することに疑問を持っていた。

 この研究の被験者は470人で、18歳から35歳を対象に行われた。

 太りすぎのひともいれば、重く、肥満と疑われるひともいた。4分の3以上が女性で、29%が少数派だった。

 研究者によれば、被験者全員が身体活動が増え、低カロリーダイエットを始めた人もいた。

 被験者には、6ヶ月ごとに体重が計られ、2年間続くと伝えられていた。

 6ヶ月後、研究者はグループを二つに分けた。

 一つ目は、引き続き月1回のカウンセリングを受け、もう一方のグループは、フィットネス・トラッカーを着用する。

 18ヶ月後、両グループは、「体質、フィットネス、身体運動、そしてダイエットにおいて大幅な成果を示し」、その他に大きな差は見られなかった。

 しかしながら、原料に関しては、専門家のカウンセリングを受けたほうが約二倍痩せた。

 ジャキシックは、効果的な長期間の治療は、アメリカの肥満の蔓延に対策を打つために必要なため、研究による発見は重要であると述べた。

 彼はウェアラブル端末の効果に関しては疑問は残ると警告している。

 彼はまた、減量したい大人の中で、こういった電子機器が「身体活動とダイエット運動」を変えるのに最も良い方法を学ぶためにより多くの情報が必要だと述べた。

 研究者らは、米国医師会のジャーナルでこの研究を発表した。

4.語彙、表現

・subject 主題、学科、被験者

・overweight 太りすぎ

・obese 太った obeseity 肥満

・epidemic 流行