引用元:http://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/us-election-officials-worried-about-russian-attacks-on-voting-systems/3491543.html

1.原文

Last month, Illinois officials reported that the state’s voter registration system was attacked. It forced the temporary shutdown of the system.

On Wednesday, Department of Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson said he might make election equipment part of what the government calls “critical infrastructure.”

In the United States, state and local government officials are responsible for organizing elections. Making elections “critical infrastructure” could free up federal money to make voting machines more secure.

“There’s vital interest in our election process,” Johnson said. “We’re actively thinking about the election and cybersecurity right now.” He spoke at a Christian Science Monitor breakfast with reporters in Washington, D.C.

Edgardo Cortés is Commissioner of Elections in Virginia. He said an attack on his state’s electronic voting machines is unlikely.

He told VOA that Virginia moved to take away the wireless technology for electronic voting machines to make them less open to hacking. The state also brought in an outside expert to help the state government improve security, Cortes said.

He noted that Virginia is working to provide enough paper ballots in the event the voting machines fail or are hacked. But he said local governments need federal money to make their systems more secure.

The Republican Party’s candidate for president, Donald Trump, has raised concerns about whether voting in the November elections will be fair. He spoke to the Washington Post newspaper earlier this week.

“If the election is rigged, I would not be surprised,” Trump said. The businessman expressed concern after courts in five states overturned state laws that required voters to show identification or proof of citizenship.

In North Carolina, an appeals court ruled that the state’s new voting law seemed targeted at African-Americans by making it more difficult for them to vote. The court said there is no evidence of the widespread voter fraud that would require such a law.

2.音韻分析

Las(t) month, Illinois^officials reporte(d) tha(t) the state’s voter registration

system/ was ^attacked. It force(d) the temporary shutdown /of the system.

On Wednesday, /Department^of Homelan(d) Security Secretary Jeh Johnson/ sai(d) he migh(t) make election^equipment /part^of wha(t) the government calls/ critical infrastructure.”

In the United States, /state^and local government^officials /are responsible for organizing^elections./ Makin(g)^elections critical infrastructure/coul(d) free up federal money /to make voting(g) machines /more secure.

“There’s vital^interest^in our^election process,” Johnson said./ “We’re actively thinking^about the election an(d) cybersecurity righ(t) now.“/ He spoke^at^a Christian Science Monitor breakfast /with reporters^in Washington, D.C.

Edgardo Cortés /is Commissioner^of Elections^in Virginia. /He said^an attack^on his state’s^electronic votin(g) machines /is^unlikely.

He told VOA/ tha(t) Virginia move(d) to take^away /the wireless technology fo^ electronic votin(g) machines /to make them less^open to hacking. /The state^also brought^in^an^outside^expert/ to help the state government /improve security, /Cortes said.

He noted/ tha(t) Virginia is workin(g)/ to provide^enough paper ballots /in the event the voting machines fail /or ^are hacked. Bu(t) he said local governments/ need federal money /to make their systems /more secure.

The Republican Party’s candidate for president, /Donald Trump, has raised concerns /abou(t) whether voting^in the November^elections /will be fair. He spoke to the Washington Post newspaper/ earlier this week.

“If the election^is rigged, /I woul(d) not be surprised,”/ Trump said. The businessman expressed concern /after courts^in five states^overturne(d) state laws/ tha(t) require(d) voters/ to show identification^or proof^of citizenship.

In North Carolina, /an^appeals cour(t) ruled /tha(t) the state’s new votin(g) law seeme(d) targeted /at African-Americans /by making^ it more difficult /for them to vote. The court said( )there^is no evidence/ of the widespread voter fraud /tha(t) woul(d) require such^a law.

3.訳

先月、イリノイ州政府は報告した/州の選挙登録システムが攻撃を受けたと/そのせいで、一時的なシステムの中断を余儀なくされた。/

 

水曜に、/国防長官のジェイ・ジョンソンは/選挙のための機器を//彼らが言うところの「重要なインフラ」に位置付けるかもしれないと述べた。

 

アメリカでは、州や地方の政府が選挙運営の責任を負っている。/選挙をより「重要なインフラに」位置付けることで、/連邦政府の資金を自由に使える /投票機械を/より安全な物にするために/

 

「州選挙に押してインターネットは不可欠だ。」ジョンソンは語る。/「私たちは積極的に、選挙とサイバーセキュリティに関して目下、思索している」と。

/ 彼はCSMBで話した/ワシントンD.C.で記者とともに/

 

エドガード・コルテスは/ヴァージニア州の選挙責任者だ。/彼によると、電子選挙機械が攻撃にあう可能性は/極めて低い。

 

彼はVOAの取材に対し、こう述べた。/ヴァージニアは電磁投票機械からワイアレス技術を取っ払う方向に動いていると/ハッキングに対抗して。/州当局は

外部の専門家を招き、セキュリティの向上に協力してもらっている。/コルテスは言った。

 

彼は指摘している/州は十分な投票紙を支給するために、動いている/投票機が動かなくなる、もしくはハッキングされた場合を想定して。/しかし彼によると地方政府は/連邦の資金が必要だ/投票システムをより安全にするために/

 

 

共和党大統領候補、/ドナルド・トランプは/懸念を強めた/11月の大統領選における投票が公平であるかどうか。/彼はワシントンポストに答えた。/今週の初めに/

 

 

「もし選挙が不正に操作されたとしても、私は驚かないだろう。」/トランプは述べた。/トランプは懸念を表明した/5つの州の裁判所が州法を変えたあと。/それは投票者に求める/IDの提示か、市民権の証明を/

 

 

ノールカロライナで、米国連邦高等裁判所は判決を下した/その新しい選挙法はターゲットにしているように思われると、/アフリカ系アメリカ人を/彼らの投票をより難しくすることによって。/州の裁判所によると、証拠は

 

4.語彙

temporary  一時的な

critical 決定的な

wireless ワイヤーレス

widespread 広範囲で広まっている

citizenship 市民権

rig            引っ掛ける

identification            ID

fraud        詐欺

register    登録する

responsible for A     A に責任がある

equipment               装備、機器

ballot      投票用紙

vital        欠かせない、重要な、生命の、生き生きした                   infrastructure インフラ、公共設備

federal     連邦の

candidate 候補者