引用元:http://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/muslim-americans-turning-to-the-democratic-party/3500547.html

1.原文
So why did so many Muslims stop voting for Republican candidates after the 2000 election? The most common answer given by Muslim activists is that there was a rise in Islamophobia — a fear or distrust of Muslims. Many Muslim-Americans also came to believe that U.S. foreign policy harmed Muslims around the world.

After the attacks of September 11, 2001, President Bush stated that the United States was not at war with Islam. But since then, Republican policies and comments have persuaded many Muslims that the party is home to many Americans who do not like them.

Robert McCaw is with the Council on American-Islamic Relations. He says “sadly, the Republican Party over the past 15 years has become the political epicenter of Islamophobia, introducing anti-Muslim policy proposals or anti-foreigner laws in at least 10 state legislatures. This has really driven the Muslim vote out of the Republican Party.”

But Islamophobia and foreign policy alone do not explain why Muslim-Americans have turned toward the Democratic Party. Georgetown’s John Esposito says another reason might be the Republican position on immigration. He notes that most Muslim-Americans are immigrants.

The Democratic Party has been largely pro-immigration and supports social welfare policies designed to help immigrants. Esposito says the Republican Party is seen as supporting anti-immigrant policies.

The United States is home to about 3.5 million Muslims. About one-third of them are African-Americans, who have long supported Democrats. But most Muslims in the U.S. are immigrants. They have come from many countries, and most of them are conservative.

But surveys show that the children and grandchildren of Muslim immigrants are less conservative than their parents. Many second- and third-generation Muslims support Democrats and hold beliefs that are different from those of the Republican leadership. (290)

2.音韻分析

Islamophobia prompted a switch

So why did so many Muslims /stop votin(g) for Republican candidates /after the 2000 election? /The most common answer given by Muslim activists/ is tha(t) there was^a rise^in Islamophobia /– a fear or distrust /of Muslims. /Many Muslim-Americans^also came to believe tha(t)/ U.S. foreign policy harmed Muslims^aroun(d) the world.

After the attacks^of September 11, 2001, /President Bush state(d) /tha(t) the United States was no(t) at war with Islam./ Bu(t) since then, Republican policies^an(d) comments have persuaded/ many Muslims tha(t) the party is home/ to many Americans who do no(t) like them.

Robert McCaw /is with the Council on American-Islamic Relations./ He says/ “sadly, the Republican Party over the pas(t) 15years/ has become the political^epicenter /of Islamophobia, /introducing^anti-Muslim policy proposals /or anti-foreigner laws/ in a(t) least 10 state legislatures. /This has really driven the Muslim vote /out^of the Republican Party.”

Bu(t) Islamophobia an(d) foreign policy alone/ do no(t) explain why Muslim-Americans have turne(d) toward the Democratic Party. /Georgetown’s John Esposito says/ another reason might be the Republican position^on^immigration. /He notes/ tha(t) most Muslim-Americans^are immigrants.

The Democratic Party has bee(n) largely pro-immigration /an(d) support(s) social welfare policies /designe(d) to help^immigrants. /Esposito says /the Republican Party is seen^as supporting/ anti-immigrant policies.

The United States^is home to about 3.5 million Muslims. /About^one-third^of them^are African-Americans, /who have lon(g) supported Democrats./ Bu(t) mos(t) Muslims^in the U.S.^are immigrants. /They have come from many countries, /an(d) most^ of them^are conservative.

Bu(t) surveys show tha(t) the children^an(d) grandchildren^of Muslim^immigrants are less conservative than their parents. Many second- and third-generation Muslim(s) suppor(t) Democrats^an(d) hol(d) beliefs that^ are differen(t) from those^of the Republican leadership. (290)

3.訳

イスラム恐怖症

では、なぜイスラム教徒は共和党候補に投票するのをやめたか?/2000年の選挙のあと/イスラム教徒活動家によると、もっとも広まっている答えは、イスラム恐怖症—イスラム教徒に対する不安や不信—の高まりだ。/多くのイスラム系アメリカ人は信じるようになった/アメリカの対外政策は世界中のイスラム教徒を害していると。

2001年9月11日のテロのあと、/ブッシュ大統領は述べた。/アメリカはイスラム教と戦争状態ではない、と。/しかし、それ以降、共和党の政策や発言が思い込ませてきました/多くのムスリム教徒に/共和党はホームであると/自分たちを嫌う多くのアメリカ人の。/

ロバート・マックカウ氏は/AIR議会に所属している。彼によると,/悲しいことに、共和党は過去15年間で、イスラム恐怖症の中心であり続けてきました。反イスラム政策や反外国人法を導入しながら。/少なくとも10の州議会において。/これによって、イスラム教徒の投票は飛んで行きました/共和党から。

しかしイスラム恐怖症と外国人政策だけでは/なぜイスラム系アメリカ人が民主党の方に流れたのか説明がつきかない。/ジョージタウンのジョンエスピソ似寄ると、/もう一つの理由は、移民に対する共和党の立ち位置によるものだとしている。/彼は言及した。/ほとんどのイスラム教徒は移民だと。/

民主党はずっと大多数が移民賛成派であり、また社会福祉政策を推し進めている/移民を救う為に考えられた。/エスピソによると/共和党は支持しているように思われる/反イスラム教政策を。

アメリカは約350万人のイスラム教徒にとって祖国である。/うち1/3がアフリカ系アメリカ人で、/彼らは長く民主党を支持し続けてきた。/しかし、アメリカにいるほとんどのイスラム教徒は移民だ。/彼らは様々な国からやってきて、その多くが保守的な考え方をしている。

しかし、調査によると、/イスラム教徒移民の子供や孫は両親よりも保守的でないことがわかった。/多くのイスラム教徒の第2、第3世代は/民主党を支持し。

考え方をしている/民主党のリーダーシップは共和党のそれとは違うと。/

4.語彙

Islamophobia イスラム恐怖症

Distrust 不信

Introduce導入する、紹介する

Position ポジション、位置

Immigration 移民

Pro-immigration 移民賛成派

Support 支える

Conservative 保守派

Conserve 保護する、保存する

persuade A that  Aに〜だと思い込ませる、説得する

epicenter 中心(epi/centerで区切るとわかりやすい)