引用元:http://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/vaccination-study-failure-to-trust-vaccines-can-cause-spread-of-disease/3508679.html

1.原文

Researchers say public mistrust of vaccines is causing diseases like measles and yellow fever to spread.

The scientists said the lower levels of trust can lead to people refusing vaccines.

This, in turn, can cause diseases to spread quickly, they warned.

But the researchers said they also found a high level of support worldwide for vaccinating children against disease.

Scientists from Britain and Singapore reported the findings.

They work for the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Imperial College London and the Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health in Singapore.

The researchers questioned 66,000 people in 67 countries to discover their ideas on whether vaccines are important, safe and effective.

They also wanted to know whether the development and use of vaccines was in agreement with their religious beliefs.

The survey showed people in Southeast Asia had the highest level of trust in vaccines.

Africa showed the second highest level of confidence.

Europeans showed the lowest level of confidence in vaccines.

In France, 41 percent of the population questioned the safety of vaccines.

Heidi Larson is with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

She says recent media reports of problems involving vaccines have hurt public confidence in France.

Larson noted that many Europeans worried about reports of possible links between hepatitis B vaccines and the disease multiple sclerosis.

But she said scientists found no linkage between the two.

Mistrust in France was also driven by public reaction to the H1N1 influenza outbreak fears in 2009.

The French government spent $1.4 billion on 94 million doses of the vaccine.

The majority were sold or destroyed.

The findings come as a major yellow fever vaccination program has been launched in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola.

The disease has already killed hundreds of people in the area.

The World Health Organization aims to vaccinate over 15 million people in both countries.

“If everyone agrees to be vaccinated, we can eliminate yellow fever from our country,” said Mosala Mireille, one of the doctors directing the program.

2.音韻分析

Researchers say public mistrust of vaccines is causing diseases /like measles and yellow fever /to spread.

The scientists said the lower levels of trust /can lead to people refusing vaccines.

This, in turn, can cause diseases to spread quickly, they warned.

But the researchers said /they also found a high level of support worldwide /for vaccinating children agains(t) disease.

Scientists from Britain and Singapore /reported the findings.

They work for the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, /Imperial College London and the Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health in Singapore.

The researchers questioned /66,000 people in 67 countries /to discover their ideas on /whether vaccines are important, safe and effective.

They also wanted^to know /whether^the development and use of vaccines was /in agreement with their religious beliefs.

The survey showe(d) /people in Southeast Asia /had the highest level of trust in vaccines.

Africa showed the second highest level of confidence.

Europeans showed the lowest level of confidence in vaccines.

In France, 41 percent of the population questioned /the safety of vaccines.

Heidi Larson is with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

She says /recent media reports of problems involving vaccines /have hurt public confidence in France.

Larson noted^that /many Europeans worried abou(t) reports of possible links /between hepatitis B vaccines and the disease multiple sclerosis.

But she said /scientists have found /no linkage between the two.

Mistrust in France was also driven /by public reaction to the H1N1 influenza outbreak fears in 2009.

The French government spent $1.4 billion on 94 million doses of the vaccine.

The majority were sold or destroyed.

The findings come as a major yellow fever vaccination program /has been launched in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola.

The disease has already killed /hundreds of people in the area.

The World Health Organization aims to vaccinate over 15 million people in both countries.

“If everyone agrees to be vaccinated, /we can eliminate yellow fever from our country,” /said Mosala Mireille, one of the doctors directing the program.

 

3.日本語訳

研究員によると、国民のワクチンへの不信が麻疹や黄熱病の拡大を引き起しているとのことだ。

科学者はその強い不信感が人々にワクチンを拒ませていると言った。

言い換えれば、これは感染の広まりを早めることになると、彼らは警告したのだ。

しかし研究員は、子供の感染症対策になるワクチンに関する支援は、世界中で高いレベルに達していることが分かったとも述べた。

イギリスとシンガポールから来た科学者がそれを発見した。

彼らはLondon School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine、Imperial College London と シンガポールのSaw Swee Hock School of Public Health で働いている。

研究員は67か国の66000人にワクチンが重要で安全、効果的かどうか、人々にアンケートを取った。

彼らはまたワクチンの使用、発達が、人々の宗教的な考えに沿ったものかどうかも知りたかった。

その調査は東南アジアの人々はワクチンを最も信用しているということを明らかにした。

アフリカは二番目であった。

ヨーロッパ人はワクチンを最も信頼していない。

フランスでは人口の41パーセントがワクチンの安全性に疑問を抱いた。

Heidi Larson は London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicineに所属している。

彼女は、メディアによるワクチンに関する最近の報道がフランスの人々の(ワクチンに対する)信頼度を下げていると述べる。

Larsonは多くのヨーロッパ人がB型肝炎のワクチンと多発性硬化症のあり得るつながり(要は副作用)を心配していると述べた。

しかし彼女は、その二つの間に関係性は無いと科学者が発見していると言った。

フランスでのワクチンの不信感は、2009年のH1N1インフルエンザの流行に対する人々の反応によって生まれたものだ。

フランス政府は10億4000万ドルを費やして9400万ダースのワクチンを入手した。

その大部分は売られるか捨てられた。

それは黄熱ワクチンプログラムがコンゴ民主共和国とアンゴラで始まってから分かったことだ。

その病気はすでにその地域で何百という人々を殺していた。

世界保健機関は両国の1500万以上の人々にワクチンを提供しようとしている。

「もしすべての人がワクチンの提供に同意してくれたら、我々は黄熱病をこの国から無くすことができる。」その計画を指揮する医師のMosala Mireilleはそう述べた。

 

4.語彙、表現

・measles はしか

・yellow fever黄熱病

・confidence 自身、あるものに対する信用

・launch ~をはじめる

・sclerosis 硬化症

・eliminate  ~をせん滅する