引用元:http://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/pakistan-police/3526735.html

1.原文

A New York-based human rights group has called on Pakistani officials to reform the country’s police force.

Human Rights Watch said Pakistan’s police system dates back to British colonial rule.

It said the system is filled with “disgruntled” and “corrupt” officers who abuse suspects without facing punishment for their actions.

Human Rights Watch said it documented police abuses in three of Pakistan’s four provinces.

The abuses include torture, arrest and detention of suspects without a court orderextrajudicial killings and other abuse of detainees.

The arrests and detentions sometimes resulted in the deaths of suspects, the group reported on Monday.

The report said that police forces in Punjab, Baluchistan and Sindh faced “improper pressure” from politicians and local community leaders.

For years, governments failed to carry out reforms or hold police responsible for abuse, it noted.
Human Rights Watch said families of victims are failing to report police abuse because of fear of being threatened or falsely accused in other cases.

“Those from … groups [like] refugees, the poor, religious minorities, and the landless — are at particular risk of violent police abuse,” said the 102-page report.

The report is based on statements by police officers, victims of police abuses, their families, experts, activists and witnesses to police abuses.

Human Rights Watch called on Pakistan to improve working conditions and job-related awards for police officers.

It said the police force is “under-resourced and under-equipped,” noting officers are not trained in methods of professional investigation and forensic studies.

It said this lack of training leads to officers unlawfully forcing suspects to provide information or admit guilt.

Human rights activists and local media often comment on and criticize suspected police abuses.

Custodial torture remained one of the gravest and most pressing human rights issues in Pakistan,” noted the independent Human Rights Commission of Pakistan in a report.

Critics say that Pakistani politicians use the police to suppress opponents in an effort to stay in power.

They say this has effectively kept governments from enacting reforms and punishing abusive police officers.

2.音韻分析

A New York-based human rights group /has called on Pakistani officials /to reform the country’s police force.

Human Rights Watch said /Pakistan’s police system dates back to British colonial rule.

It said the system is filled with “disgruntled” and “corrupt” officers /who abuse suspects without facing punishment for their^actions.

Human Rights Watch said /it documented police abuses in three of Pakistan’s four provinces.

The abuses include torture, arrest and detention of suspects /without(t) a court orderextrajudicial killings and other abuse of detainees.

The arrests and detentions sometimes resulted in the deaths of suspects, /the group reported on Monday.

The report said that police forces in Punjab, Baluchistan and Sindh faced “improper pressure” /from politicians an(d) local community leaders.

For years, governments failed to /carry out reforms or hold police responsible for abuse, it noted.
Human Rights Watch said /families of victims are failing to report police abuse /because of fear of being threatened or falsely accused in other cases.

“Those from … groups [like] refugees, the poor, religious minorities, and the landless — /are at particular risk of violent police abuse,” said the 102-page report.

The report is based on statements /by police officers, victims of police abuses, their families, experts, activists and witnesses to police abuses.

Human Rights Watch called on Pakistan /to improve working conditions and job-related^awards for police officers.

It said the police force is “under-resourced and under-equipped,” /noting officers are not trained in methods of professional investigation /and forensic studies.

It said this lack of training /leads to officers unlawfully forcing suspects /to provide information or admit guilt.

Human rights activists and local media /often comment on and criticize /suspected police abuses.

Custodial torture remained one^of the gravest and most pressing human rights issues in Pakistan,” noted the independent Human Rights Commission of Pakistan in a report.

Critics say that Pakistani politicians use the police /to suppress opponents in^an effort to stay in power.

They say this has effectively kept governments /from enacting reforms and punishing abusive police officers.

3.日本語訳

ニューヨークに拠点を置く人権グループはパキスタン政府当局に警察の暴力を改革するように求めた。

Human Rights Watch はパキスタンの警察の組織はイギリスの植民地支配のようだと述べた。

その組織は不満を持った不正な警察官で満ちており、容疑者の行いを罰することなく、虐待をしていると続けた。

Human Rights Watchは、パキスタンの四つの州のうち三つで警察官による虐待を記録したと述べた。

その虐待は容疑者に対する拷問、裁判所の命令なしで逮捕、拘留すること、また非公式な殺害、その他拘留者に対する虐待を含んでいる。

逮捕や勾留が容疑者の死につながることもあると、その団体は報告した。

その報告書はPunjab、Baluchistan と Sindhの警察の暴力が、政治家や地域の有力者からの不適切な圧力につながっていると報告した。

また何年もの間、政府は虐待の原因である警察を改革し、抑えつけることに失敗したとも記載されていた。

Human Rights Watchによると、犠牲者の家族は警察の虐待を報告できていない。

なぜなら彼らは脅されたり、他の事件で告発されたりするのを恐れているからである。

報告書の102ページには、難民や貧困層、宗教的少数者、土地を持たない人々は特に、暴力的な警察による虐待の危険にさらされている。

その報告書は警察官、被害にあった犠牲者、その家族、専門家、活動家と目撃者による証言に基づいている。

Human Rights Watchはパキスタンに警察官に対する労働条件と賞与の改善を求めた。

また警察の暴力は資金供給と設備が不十分であるためであり、警察官は専門的な調査と犯罪科学の学問の体系に関して訓練されていないとも述べられている。

警察官による非合法的に容疑者に情報を提供させたり、罪の自白を強要させたりすることは、訓練不足が原因だと述べられた。

人権活動家と地元のメディアは、疑わしい警察官による虐待を、頻繁に批評、批判している。

「勾留の拷問は最も重大で、パキスタンでの人権問題に最も重くのしかかっているものの一つだ。」パキスタンの人権委員会は報告書でそう述べた。

批評家達は、パキスタンの政治家が支配力を維持し、敵を抑えつけるために警察を利用していると言う。

このことが、政府に改革を規定し、虐待を行う警察官を罰することをさせないようにしていると彼らは言います。

4.語彙、表現

・reform 改革をする

・dates back to ~にさかのぼる

・colonial 植民地の

・rule 支配

disgruntled 不満な

・corrupt 不正な

・abuse 虐待する

・suspects 容疑者

・court order 裁判所の命令

・extrajudicial 非合法的な

・detainees 拘留者

・detentions 勾留

・falsely 偽って、誤って

・forensic 犯罪科学の

・custodial 勾留の

・torture 拷問

・gravest とても深刻な

・enact ~を立法する