引用元:http://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/southeast-asia-powers-compete-trade-influence-/3505531.html

1.原文

The United States is just one of many countries trying to increase its influence in Southeast Asia.

Japan and Russia are also trying to increase trade, diplomatic and military relations with countries in the area.

China has been Southeast Asia’s largest trade partner for many years.

Now other countries, including Japan, are trying to increase their trade in the area.

Over the past three years, Japan has invested more in ASEAN countries than in China and Hong Kong.

Titli Basu is an expert on Southeast Asia. She says the decision by the United States to increase its influence in the area, and the increase in China’s economic and military power, is the reason Japan is focusing on the area.

She said “the arrival of China as a major power has made Japan really impatient to redefine its role in the Asia-Pacific security order.”

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, left, and Russian President Vladimir Putin talk in Vladivostok, Russia, Friday, September 2, 2016.

Japan is working to increase trade as well as security and diplomatic ties.

However, experts are concerned that tensions in the area will increase as other nations try to increase their influence.

Richard Bitzinger is a Senior Fellow at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies.

He says countries like Russia, China and the U.S. are all trying to cooperate and to compete with each other.

“There’s a lot of places where two countries — Russia-China, China-the United States — find lots of opportunities and common interests that make them want to cooperate,” he said. “At the same time there are a lot of places where they collide and compete.”

Russia is only now beginning to try to increase its influence in the area.

It is selling arms to Vietnam and making energy exploration deals.

Lo Chih-cheng is a political scientist at Soochow University in Taiwan.

He says Russia is reacting to rising U.S. influence in Asia.

He said, during the past few years, Russia has been preoccupied with events in Europe. Now, the country is trying to balance what it sees as U.S. influence in the region, says Lo.

Leaders of Asian nations are working to keep tensions from becoming conflicts.

Bitzinger says the possibility of accidental conflict is a growing concern.

He says more advanced weapons are flowing into the region.

Added to that, he says, are long-running disputes such as the territorial dispute in the South China Sea.

Experts worry even small disputes could quickly grow into a war.

2.音韻分析

 The United States is jus(t) one^of many countries / trying to increase its influence in Southeast Asia.

Japan an(d) Russia are also trying to increase trade, / diplomatic and military relations with countries in the area.

China has been Southeast Asia’s largest trade partner for many years.

Now other countries, including Japan, / are trying to increase their trade in the area.

Over the past three years, / Japan has invested more in ASEAN countries / than^in China an(d) Hong Kong.

Titli Basu is^an expert on Southeast Asia.

She says the decision by the United States / to increase its influence in the area, / and the increase in China’s economic an(d) military power, / is the reason Japan is focusing on the area.

She said “the arrival of China as a major power / has made Japan really impatient / to redefine its role in the Asia-Pacific security order.”

Japan is working to increase trade / as well as security and diplomatic ties.

However, experts are concerned / that tensions in the area / will^increase as other nations try to increase their influence.

Richard Bitzinger is a Senior Fellow at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies.

He says countries like Russia, China and the U.S. / are all trying to cooperate and to compete with^each other.

“There’s a lot of places where two countries / — Russia-China, China-the United States — find lots of opportunities an(d) common interests / that make them want to cooperate,” / he said. “At the same time there are a lot of places / where they collide and compete.”

Russia is only now beginning to try to increase its influence in the area.

It is selling arms to Vietnam / and making energy exploration deals.

Lo Chih-cheng is a political scientist / at Soochow University in Taiwan.

He says Russia is reacting to rising U.S. influence in Asia.

He said, during the past few years, / Russia has been preoccupied with events in Europe. Now, the country is trying to balance / what^it sees as U.S. influence in the region, says Lo.

Leaders of Asian nations are working to kee(p) tensions / from becoming conflicts.

Bitzinger says the possibility o(f) accidental conflict / is a growing concern.

He says more advanced weapons / are flowing into the region.

Added to that, he says, are long-running disputes / such as the territorial dispute in the South China Sea.

Experts worry even small disputes / could quickly grow into a war.

3.日本語訳

アメリカ合衆国は東南アジアでの勢力を強めようとしている国の一つである。

日本とロシアもまた、東南アジア諸国での貿易、外交、軍事的な関係の結びつきを強くしようとしている。

中国は長い間、東南アジアにとって最大の貿易相手である。現在、日本を含む他の国々はその地域での貿易をより活発にしようとしている。

過去三年間、日本は香港や中国より、アセアン諸国に投資をしてきた。

Titli Basuは東南アジアの専門家である。

東南アジアでの影響を強めるというアメリカの決定と、中国による東南アジアでの経済的、軍事的な力の増加が、日本が東南アジアに注力する理由であると彼女は述べた。

彼女は「大きな力を持った中国の登場が、日本がアジア太平洋における安全保障の役割を見直すのをより性急にさせた。(日本は中国による東南アジアの台頭により、アジア太平洋における安全保障の役割を見直さなければならなくなった)」と述べた。

日本は安全保障、外交と同様に貿易の結びつきも強くしようとしている。

しかし、専門家はその地域での緊張感が、他の国の更なる介入によって、ますます高まると懸念している。

Richard BitzingerはS. Rajaratnam大学国際学の上級研究員だ。彼はロシアや中国、アメリカのような国は皆、お互いに協力し競争しようとしていると述べた。

「ロシアと中国、中国とアメリカの様な二国が、互いに協力するための機会や、共通の利益を見つけることのできる場合はたくさんある。それと同時に競争し衝突する場合もあるのだ。」と彼は語る。

ロシアは東南アジアでの影響を強め始めたばかりである。

ベトナムに武器を売り、エネルギー開発による取引をしている。

Lo Chih-chengは台湾、Soochow大学の政治学者である。

彼はアメリカがアジアで勢力を強めていることに、ロシアが反応していると話す。

過去2,3年間、ロシアはヨーロッパでの出来事に気を取られていた。

しかし現在は、東南アジアにおいてアメリカの勢力とバランスを取ろうとしている。とも述べた。

アジアの国々の首脳陣は、対立が起きないように緊張感を高めないようにしている。Bitzingerは偶発的な対立の可能性が、懸念を高めていると言った。

彼はより強力な武器がその地域に流れており、さらにそのせいで南シナ海での領有権問題のような争いが長期化すると述べた。

専門家は小さな争いでもすぐさま戦争に発展しうると懸念している。

 

4.語彙、表現

・diplomatic 外交上の

・military 軍隊、軍の

・impatient 我慢できない ⇔ patient

・redefine 我慢できない、いらいらしている

・exploration 開発

・preoccupy A with B  AをBで夢中にさせる

・keep A from B BしないようにAを維持する。

・accidental 偶発的な

・dispute 議論する、争う、議論、争い

・territorial 領土の (名)territory